The Mohair Process
MOAHIR THE MOST LUXURIOUS PRODUCT OF SOUTH AFRICA
Shearing: Clipping the mohair fleece from the Angora goats twice a year, either by hand or with electric shears. The animals are not harmed in any way.
Classing: Sorting the mohair into various lengths, fibre diameter and quality types. Meticulous classing adds value to the product.
Scouring: Washing the mohair to remove excess dirt and oils.
Carding: the mohair fibres are positioned in uniform lengths and most of the vegetable matter is removed. A silver or coil of mohair, called a “carded sliver” is produced.
Combing: The remaining vegetable matter and shorter, irregular sized fibres are removed from the carded sliver to transform the mohair into the soft, luxurious mohair “top”.
Spinning: Converting the mohair top into yarn. The top is spun into a yarn specified for structure, thickness (yarn count) and surface. Mohair yarns are often twisted or brushed (raised) for a fluffy appearance.
- Dyeing: Products can be dyed after combing (top dyeing) or spinning (yarn dying) or weaving (piece dying).
- Weaving: Yarn is used to manufacture worsted or woven cloth.
- Knitting: Yarn is knitted into panels for garment production or circular-knitted for socks.